What are disinfectants?
Disinfectants are substances which are capable of killing micro-organisms. The purpose of such products is to reduce the number of micro-organisms present on a surface thus reducing the risk of contracting an infection. They will work on Virus, Bacteria and Fungi.
Disinfectants rarely completely sterilise a surface. The key is the protocol or process used to ensure the surface is clean. Sanitisers are a closely related family of products which kill less micro-organisms but are still more effective than soap and water. Antiseptics are designed for use on the skin and antibiotics are formulated for ingestion.
Most surfaces can be cleaned with disinfectants and the strength of them is determined by the addition of water.
A wide variety of compounds can be used as disinfecting agents such as alcohol, oxidising agents such as hydrogen peroxide, iodine and bleach as well as phenolics. In the home and workplace disinfectants are effectively used to prevent the spread of disease and illness.
Used correctly disinfectants are a very useful tool against infection and illness.